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by Ron Kurtus

Readers have sent in a total of 295 comments and questions on History issues. They are listed according to date.

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List of next 10 letters

Topic

Title

Country

Kennedy and James Bond Did JFK read several James Bond books? USA
 
Japanese Attack SB Shells from Japanese sub landed in golf course USA
 
Chuck Berry School Days Wants copyright permission USA
 
Lincoln and Kennedy More coincidences about Lincoln and Kennedy USA
 
Japanese Attack SB How was the identity of the commander determined? USA
 
Japanese Attack SB More information on submarine attack USA
 
Start the Fire Facts Mention of DiMaggio and Monroe in the song USA
 
Start the Fire Facts Harry Truman's middle name USA
 
Lincoln and Kennedy Kennedy death not exactly the same as Lincoln's USA
 
General Who was Malcolm X? Nigeria
 

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First 10 letters


Did JFK read several James Bond books?

Topic: Kennedy and James Bond

Question

August 26, 2010

Your article says JFK read a few of the Bond books, yet from previous research I learned what gave Fleming's series its biggest boost was in March 1961 when JFK released a list of his favorite books and FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE was one of them. It was the only work of fiction on that list.

Adrienne - USA

20300

Answer

It is true that the Life Magazine article where JFK listed "From Russia with Love" initiated the American popularity of the James Bond series, there are other sources that indicate he read several other Bond books.

The Kennedy Library website states that JFK and the Director of the CIA Allen Dulles often would talk about various Bond books:
http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/Archives/Reference+Desk/John+F.+Kennedy+Miscellaneous+Information.htm

Also http://www.aboutfamouspeople.com/article1126.html states that Kennedy was a big fan of James Bond and read all of Ian Fleming's books.

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Shells from Japanese sub landed in golf course

Topic: Japanese Attack SB

Question

August 19, 2010

I have heard that the shells from the Japanese sub landed on what now is the Sandpiper golf
course in Goleta and a plaque designating the spot was there. Is this correct?

Dennis - USA

20263

Answer

I haven't been there in a while, so it is possible. The Timbers Restaurant is just up the coast from Goleta, so the sub could have shelled a number of areas around there.

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Wants copyright permission

Topic: Chuck Berry School Days

Question

July 27, 2010

I teach Grammar and Composition at the Classical School of Wichita in Wichita, Kansas, where a colleague, Amy Alexander, and I are writing a composition book which will focus on the elements of the classical progymnasmata for students in the seventh and eighth grades at our school. We may seek wider publication eventually, but during the school year 2010-11, we plan to reproduce and use the materials in-house and only at our school.

We seek permission to include your essay “Lyrics of Song ‘School Days’ Represent Teen Attitudes,” which is located on your web site, School for Champions. It would be used in the chapter on paragraph development and attribution would be given in a bibliography at the end of the work. If you like, I will be happy to send a copy of my current draft of the section for your perusal.

Could you tell us what process we would need to follow to receive permission?

Eileen - USA

20133

Answer

The use of song lyrics as part of an educational lesson is considered "fair use" in copyright law. Permission of the copyright holder is usually not necessary, although it is good practice to give credit to the copyright holder.
The main issue in fair use of a copyright is that it is not for profit but instead for educational purposes. Using a section of the lyrics fits into this classification. However, putting the lyrics into a book that is used in school or may be sold may require permission from the copyright holder.

It is a complex issue. For information on fair use copyright, see:
http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/copypol2.htm and
http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

Chuck Berry's website is at: http://www.chuckberry.com/
Feel free to use my essay in your book. Educating the students is what it is all about.

Best wishes in your class.

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More coincidences about Lincoln and Kennedy

Topic: Lincoln and Kennedy

Question

July 15, 2010

There are over 200 "coincidences" between Abe and JFK - not including the photographic evidence.

Here are a few unique "coincidences" from my website:

Lincoln had a son who married MARY EUNICE Harlan.
Kennedy had a sister named EUNICE MARY Kennedy.

Lincoln LOST a very-close SISTER, Sarah, before becoming President.
Kennedy LOST a very-close SISTER, Kathleen, before becoming President.

Lincoln had two sons named EDWARD and ROBERT. EDWARD DIED and ROBERT LIVED on.
Kennedy had two brothers named EDWARD and ROBERT. ROBERT DIED and EDWARD LIVED on.

In 1862, Lincoln LOST A SON, Willie, whose casket was EXHUMED and RE-BURIED NEXT to Lincoln.
In 1963, Kennedy LOST A SON, Patrick, whose casket was EXHUMED and RE-BURIED NEXT to Kennedy.

Lincoln's son, Tad, was buried on JULY 16 in the year 1871.
Kennedy's son, John Jr., was lost at sea on JULY 16 in the year 1999.
Mary Todd Lincoln died on JULY 16 in the year 1882.

Lincoln had a FRIEND and ADVISOR named WILLIAM GRAHAM, an Illinois schoolteacher.
Kennedy had a FRIEND and ADVISOR named WILLIAM "Billy" GRAHAM, the evangelist. Billy Graham told newsmen of a strong PREMONITION that Kennedy not go to Dallas. Graham attempted to contact Kennedy by phone before he left for Dallas but couldn't reach him.

In 1861, Lincoln ordered a military BLOCKADE in the Caribbean of Confederate ports.
In 1962, Kennedy ordered a military BLOCKADE in the Caribbean of Communist Cuba.

New York Police Superintendent, JOHN A. KENNEDY, played a role in LINCOLN's protection during his 1861 inaugural train trip and also in the investigation immediately following LINCOLN's assassination.
KENNEDY had a secretary was named Evelyn LINCOLN whose husband was named "ABE" LINCOLN.

Vice President Andrew JOHNSON was BORN IN 1808 not far from JOHNSON CITY, Tennessee, into a POOR FAMILY.
Vice President Lyndon JOHNSON was BORN IN 1908 not far from JOHNSON CITY, Texas, into a POOR FAMILY.

Andrew Johnson was an OFFICER (Brigadier General) in the Civil WAR and a SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT who served in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES in 1847 and was a FORMER SENATOR in his MID-FIFTIES and was OLDER than the President.
Lyndon Johnson was an OFFICER (Naval Commander) in World WAR II and a SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT who served in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES in 1947 and was a FORMER SENATOR in his MID-FIFTIES and was OLDER than the President.

In 1861, Lincoln's Vice President was HANNIBAL HAMLIN (whose monogram was "H. H.") followed by Andrew Johnson. Hannibal Hamlin returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.
In 1961, Kennedy's Vice President was Lyndon Johnson who chose HUBERT HUMPHREY (whose monogram was "H. H.") for his Vice President. Hubert Humphrey returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.

Lincoln established the '61 Civil War headquarters of his General-in-Chief George McClellan to be a house called HICKORY HILL in MCLEAN, VIRGINIA.
Kennedy bought the house called HICKORY HILL in MCLEAN, VIRGINIA, which was the '61 Civil War headquarters of Lincoln's General-in-Chief George McClellan.

On the day of the assassination, Lincoln was wearing clothes from BROOK BROTHERS.
On the day of the assassination, the Kennedy was wearing clothes from BROOK BROTHERS.

John Wilkes Booth was BORN IN '38. He stood 5 FEET, 8 INCHES tall. He was an excellent SWORDSMAN and is one of the most NOTORIOUS ASSASSINS in recorded history.
Lee Harvey Oswald was BORN IN '39. He stood 5 FEET, 8 INCHES tall. He was an excellent SHARPSHOOTER and is one of the most NOTORIOUS ASSASSINS in recorded history.

Booth had brother named Junius who was known to the family as JUNE.
Oswald had a daughter named JUNE.

Booth's MOTHER thought John Wilkes was a SPY for the Confederacy.
Oswald's MOTHER thought Lee Harvey was a SPY for the U.S. military.
Both assassins seemed to have been involved in MILITARY INTELLIGENCE work.

Booth's FATHER was named after a FAMOUS TRAITOR (Brutus of Julius Caesar's fame).
Oswald's FATHER was named after a FAMOUS TRAITOR (Confederate General Robert E. Lee).

In October of '64, Booth was OUT OF THE COUNTRY in Montreal, Canada, visiting with CONFEDERATE SPY OPERATIVES.
In October of '63, Oswald was OUT OF THE COUNTRY in Mexico City, Mexico, visiting with COMMUNIST EMBASSY OFFICIALS (Russian and Cuban).

Booth was often USED THE ALIAS - "J. Wilkes".
Oswald often USED THE ALIAS - "Alek J. Hidell".

Booth stayed in NEW ORLEANS visiting an UNCLE shortly BEFORE the assassination.
Oswald stayed in NEW ORLEANS visiting an UNCLE shortly BEFORE the assassination.

Booth committed his crime AT HIS PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT - Ford's Theater.
Oswald committed his crime while AT HIS PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT - the Texas School-Book Depository.

In 1964, a book entitled MR. LINCOLN AND THE NEGROES, by W. O. Douglas, was published.
In 1964, a book entitled MR. KENNEDY AND THE NEGROES, by Harry Golden, was published.

Hundreds more Abe/JFK "coincidences" here:
www.near-death.com/experiences/reincarnation08.html

Kevin - USA

20053

Answer

Thanks for the fascinating list of coincidences. I'm sure our readers will enjoy them.

Also, the reference website is interesting.

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How was the identity of the commander determined?

Topic: Japanese Attack SB

Question

June 28, 2010

How was the identity of the Japanese sub commander determined?

Brad - USA

19978

Answer

The diary of a Japanese submarine's commander, Kozo Nishino, was recovered after the war, giving his version and motivations for the attack.

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More information on submarine attack

Topic: Japanese Attack SB

Question

June 26, 2010

Regarding the shelling of a cactus garden near Ellwood, CA, a diary of a Japanese Submarine I-17's commander, Kozo Nishino, was recovered after the war. The captain had been a tanker captain before the war. He had docked at the oil facility there several times. While being filled, the capt. wandered around the area. He found a fenced cactus garden and wanted to see the plants closer (possible as other have reported, he wanted to collect a specimen). Since there was no open access,he climbed the fence and ended up falling into sole of the cacti where he was stuck with many spines.

The pre-war story ends there, the next item for the capt. was as a submarine commander off the California shore. He had gotten close enough to the cactus garden to fire several artillery rounds at it.

Many thought the rounds were intended for the oil facility, but as the diary recorded, they were revenge for the cactus injuries. There were shore batteries near the oil facility, well out of reach of the cactus attacking submarine.

Ernest - USA

19968

Answer

Thanks for the good information, giving more details on the submarine attack near Ellwood.

It is an interesting story.

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Mention of DiMaggio and Monroe in the song

Topic: Start the Fire Facts

Question

June 17, 2010

Several have commented or inquired about the references to DiMaggio and Monroe, quite independently of each other. I rather think their mention, and their specific placement in the song at the end of each of the first two couplets, mostly has to do with the facts they were married to each other (albeit briefly, but Joe never stopped loving her; he arranged her funeral and decorated her crypt for years), and that their names not only rhyme but have exactly the same meter (rhythm) when spoken ... or in this case, sung. That's an important item to a songwriter. There are so many other historical facts Joel could have chosen for his song; he collected those -- some significant, some trivial -- that fit the rhythm of his composition.

Robert - USA

19923

Answer

Thanks for your insight on the song lyrics.

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Harry Truman's middle name

Topic: Start the Fire Facts

Question

June 16, 2010

Your Truman comment says his middle initial is used without a period. Here are two sources that say otherwise: First, the Harry S. Truman Library website, www.trumanlibrary.org/speriod.htm, which illustrates a Truman autograph *with* period and gives an explanation on why it is used. Second, the Associated Press Stylebook which is the style bible for most American news organizations states Truman's name should be written "with a period after the initial." According to the Truman Library website, the letter S stands for nothing specific but is a nod to his grandfathers Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young.

Robert - USA

19922

Answer

Thanks for the feedback. The "S" without the period has always been one of my favorite trivial items, but I guess their is enough evidence that even Truman didn't go without the period.

I updated the page and deleted the comment about the "S" having no period in his name.

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Kennedy death not exactly the same as Lincoln's

Topic: Lincoln and Kennedy

Question

May 20, 2010

ok so...john died on a friday by getting shot in the head right, and lincoln died by getting shot in the head too which happend on a friday but he didnt actually die that evening he died the next morning therefore he died on a saturday not a friday!

Plus John J Kennedy was shot in the front of his head/top neck, that's why in the video you see his wife chase after his skull matter

- USA

19759

Answer

There are similarities between the lives and deaths of Lincoln and Kennedy. But that doesn't mean things were exactly the same. For instance, Lincoln had no formal religion, while Kennedy was a Catholic. That is one difference between them.

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Who was Malcolm X?

Topic: General

Question

May 20, 2010

Who is malcon x

Jamilu - Nigeria

19765

Answer

Malcolm X came into the news when he preached separation of the races in the United States in the 1960s. He worked for the Nation of Islam - also called the Black Muslims. However, he also started to separate from the Nation of Islam and its radical views. He moved toward orthodox Islam and started to champion economic and social equality for blacks. Then in February 1965, he was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam.

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