by Ron Kurtus
|Kinetic Theory of Matter||What is a solid, liquid and gas?||India|
|Atom as Solar System||Why isn't the solar system a giant atom?||USA|
|Density Factors||How physical conditions affect density||USA|
|Evaporation||How are water molecules able to escape gravity?||USA|
|Changing States of Matter||What if matter did not change its state?||Pakistan|
|Pressure and States of Matter||Permission to use images||USA|
|Dry Ice||Using CO2 for supercritical extraction||USA|
|Dry Ice||Info on dry ice||USA|
|Density||What is the calculation of density?||South Africa|
|Pressure and States of Matter||Explain pressure in gases and liquids||Nigeria|
What is a solid, liquid and gas?
Topic: Kinetic Theory of Matter
November 7, 2017
Q1. What is solid, liquids, gas
MD - India
See States of Matter for an explanation.
Why isn't the solar system a giant atom?
Topic: Atom as Solar System
October 5, 2017
I had a question about the article you wrote regarding Bohr's Model of an atom. Why do you disagree with the fact that our solar system can't be just one "giant" atom. I was hoping to get in touch with you to discuss this?
Tristan - USA
Although our solar system looks like it could be a giant atom, there are a number of problems in the analogy. One it that electrons in an atom have an electrical charge, while there is nothing similar in the solar system. Also, the nucleus of an atom is made up of protons and neutrons, while the Sun is a mass of hot gases.
On the quantum scale, atomic particles are not tiny spheres but are wave packets.
Still, the similarity between the solar systems and atoms is intriguing.
How physical conditions affect density
Topic: Density Factors
September 30, 2017
Describe how physical conditions affect density
kiprotich - USA
Density is mass divided by volume. Compressing an object decreases its volume and thus increases its density.
How are water molecules able to escape gravity?
September 22, 2017
How are water molecules able to escape gravity? In other words, gravity withholds H2O from leaving the surface of the earth, but that same body of water evaporates and those molecules are unaffected by gravity.
Travis - USA
With water, the velocity of the molecules is not great enough to overcome their molecular attraction, and thus the material is a liquid that is kept toward the surface of the Earth. However, when H20 becomes a gas, the velocities of the molecules is much greater, such that they move about freely.
Most of those molecules velocities that are low enough to be constrained to the Earth's atmosphere. But some of the molecules of the gas or steam become accelerated due to radiation from the Sn, such that they have enough kinetic energy or velocity to escape the Earth's gravity.
Fortunately, the loss of water vapor molecules into space it very small.
What if matter did not change its state?
Topic: Changing States of Matter
August 25, 2017
Explain that what happened if there would be no change in states of matter?
Aamish - Pakistan
If all matter stayed in its existing state or phase, ice would not melt to become water, and water could not boil into steam. Also, there would be no evaporation of water. Just these factors alone would affect living beings in a short time.
Permission to use images
Topic: Pressure and States of Matter
August 14, 2017
I would like to use the phase diagram figures that you have on this page: http://www.school-for-champions.com/science/matter_states_pressure.htm
in an article that I am writing for the Health Physics Society. I understand that I need permission to use the figures. Is that possible that I could have permission to use your figures?
Thanks so much,
Linda - USA
Yes, you have permission to use the diagrams provided you cite the source.
Best wished for success in your article. Let me know when it is published.
Using CO2 for supercritical extraction
Topic: Dry Ice
January 29, 2017
I would like to discuss some commercial uses for Dry Ice and it's conversion to Co2 for supercritical extraction.
Please let me know if you are available to discuss.
Thank you in advance,
Gary - USA
Dry ice is a convenient source of CO2. Allowing the gas from the dry ice to heat to about 31 degree C should help in the supercritical extraction process.
I hope that helps. Unfortunately, I am not an expert in this field.
Best wishes for success in your work.
Info on dry ice
Topic: Dry Ice
March 11, 2016
To whom this may concern,
I am a sixth grader at Kennedy Middle School. Our school is participating in something called Genius Hour which allows us to research a topic that interests us. We are required to interview a professional who is knowledgeable about our topic. My topic is dry ice.
If you could please answer the questions below as soon as you get the chance, it would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for taking time out of your day to respond to this email.
Thank you for your time,
My questions are:
Where was dry ice first found?
How long does dry ice last in water?
What gas is given off of dry ice?
How is dry ice created?
What is inside dry ice?
How long can you touch dry ice with bare hands?
Can you make dry ice?
Gianna - USA
Dry ice was first observed in 1835 in France. It is frozen carbon dioxide (CO2). When it melts, it turns to CO2 gas. You should only hold dry ice a fraction of a second. Special equipment is used to make dry ice.
See our lesson on Dry Ice is the Solid State of Carbon Dioxide for more information. Also see Dry Ice Wiki for detailed info.
Best wishes for success in your report.
What is the calculation of density?
February 23, 2016
calculation of density
sello - South Africa
The density of an object is its mass divided by its volume.
Since the density of water is 1.0, you can find an object's density relative to water by comparing its weight to the weight of an equal volume of water.
Explain pressure in gases and liquids
Topic: Pressure and States of Matter
February 16, 2016
pressure and explain the principles of pressure
measurement in liquid and in gases
okpu - Nigeria
Vapour is the gaseous state of matter. It is like steam.
Meters can compare water or air pressure with some standard. A barometer is an example of a meter that measures air pressure.
Hopefully, this reader feedback has helped provide information about Matter issues.
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