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History Feedback

by Ron Kurtus

Readers have sent in a total of 295 comments and questions on History issues. They are listed according to date.

You can read them to further your understanding of the subject.



List of next 15 letters

Title

Topic

Country

Did JFK read several James Bond books? Kennedy and James Bond USA
 
Shells from Japanese sub landed in golf course Japanese Attack SB USA
 
Wants copyright permission Chuck Berry School Days USA
 
More coincidences about Lincoln and Kennedy Lincoln and Kennedy USA
 
How was the identity of the commander determined? Japanese Attack SB USA
 
More information on submarine attack Japanese Attack SB USA
 
Mention of DiMaggio and Monroe in the song Start the Fire Facts USA
 
Harry Truman's middle name Start the Fire Facts USA
 
Kennedy death not exactly the same as Lincoln's Lincoln and Kennedy USA
 
Who was Malcolm X? General Nigeria
 
What country did people come from? Start the Fire Facts USA
 
Cops are still called pigs today! When Cops were Pigs USA
 
Booth was part of a conspiracy Lincoln and Kennedy USA
 
Did the Trojan War actually happened? General Hong Kong
 
Any other assassination attempts? Failures of Lincoln USA
 

Next 15 letters

 




First 15 letters


Kennedy and James Bond

Did JFK read several James Bond books?

August 26, 2010

Question

Your article says JFK read a few of the Bond books, yet from previous research I learned what gave Fleming's series its biggest boost was in March 1961 when JFK released a list of his favorite books and FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE was one of them. It was the only work of fiction on that list.

Adrienne - USA (20300)

Answer

It is true that the Life Magazine article where JFK listed "From Russia with Love" initiated the American popularity of the James Bond series, there are other sources that indicate he read several other Bond books.

The Kennedy Library website states that JFK and the Director of the CIA Allen Dulles often would talk about various Bond books:
http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/Archives/Reference+Desk/John+F.+Kennedy+Miscellaneous+Information.htm

Also http://www.aboutfamouspeople.com/article1126.html states that Kennedy was a big fan of James Bond and read all of Ian Fleming's books.

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Japanese Attack SB

Shells from Japanese sub landed in golf course

August 19, 2010

Question

I have heard that the shells from the Japanese sub landed on what now is the Sandpiper golf
course in Goleta and a plaque designating the spot was there. Is this correct?

Dennis - USA (20263)

Answer

I haven't been there in a while, so it is possible. The Timbers Restaurant is just up the coast from Goleta, so the sub could have shelled a number of areas around there.

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Chuck Berry School Days

Wants copyright permission

July 27, 2010

Question

I teach Grammar and Composition at the Classical School of Wichita in Wichita, Kansas, where a colleague, Amy Alexander, and I are writing a composition book which will focus on the elements of the classical progymnasmata for students in the seventh and eighth grades at our school. We may seek wider publication eventually, but during the school year 2010-11, we plan to reproduce and use the materials in-house and only at our school.

We seek permission to include your essay “Lyrics of Song ‘School Days’ Represent Teen Attitudes,” which is located on your web site, School for Champions. It would be used in the chapter on paragraph development and attribution would be given in a bibliography at the end of the work. If you like, I will be happy to send a copy of my current draft of the section for your perusal.

Could you tell us what process we would need to follow to receive permission?

Eileen - USA (20133)

Answer

The use of song lyrics as part of an educational lesson is considered "fair use" in copyright law. Permission of the copyright holder is usually not necessary, although it is good practice to give credit to the copyright holder.
The main issue in fair use of a copyright is that it is not for profit but instead for educational purposes. Using a section of the lyrics fits into this classification. However, putting the lyrics into a book that is used in school or may be sold may require permission from the copyright holder.

It is a complex issue. For information on fair use copyright, see:
http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/copypol2.htm and
http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

Chuck Berry's website is at: http://www.chuckberry.com/
Feel free to use my essay in your book. Educating the students is what it is all about.

Best wishes in your class.

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Lincoln and Kennedy

More coincidences about Lincoln and Kennedy

July 15, 2010

Question

There are over 200 "coincidences" between Abe and JFK - not including the photographic evidence.

Here are a few unique "coincidences" from my website:

Lincoln had a son who married MARY EUNICE Harlan.
Kennedy had a sister named EUNICE MARY Kennedy.

Lincoln LOST a very-close SISTER, Sarah, before becoming President.
Kennedy LOST a very-close SISTER, Kathleen, before becoming President.

Lincoln had two sons named EDWARD and ROBERT. EDWARD DIED and ROBERT LIVED on.
Kennedy had two brothers named EDWARD and ROBERT. ROBERT DIED and EDWARD LIVED on.

In 1862, Lincoln LOST A SON, Willie, whose casket was EXHUMED and RE-BURIED NEXT to Lincoln.
In 1963, Kennedy LOST A SON, Patrick, whose casket was EXHUMED and RE-BURIED NEXT to Kennedy.

Lincoln's son, Tad, was buried on JULY 16 in the year 1871.
Kennedy's son, John Jr., was lost at sea on JULY 16 in the year 1999.
Mary Todd Lincoln died on JULY 16 in the year 1882.

Lincoln had a FRIEND and ADVISOR named WILLIAM GRAHAM, an Illinois schoolteacher.
Kennedy had a FRIEND and ADVISOR named WILLIAM "Billy" GRAHAM, the evangelist. Billy Graham told newsmen of a strong PREMONITION that Kennedy not go to Dallas. Graham attempted to contact Kennedy by phone before he left for Dallas but couldn't reach him.

In 1861, Lincoln ordered a military BLOCKADE in the Caribbean of Confederate ports.
In 1962, Kennedy ordered a military BLOCKADE in the Caribbean of Communist Cuba.

New York Police Superintendent, JOHN A. KENNEDY, played a role in LINCOLN's protection during his 1861 inaugural train trip and also in the investigation immediately following LINCOLN's assassination.
KENNEDY had a secretary was named Evelyn LINCOLN whose husband was named "ABE" LINCOLN.

Vice President Andrew JOHNSON was BORN IN 1808 not far from JOHNSON CITY, Tennessee, into a POOR FAMILY.
Vice President Lyndon JOHNSON was BORN IN 1908 not far from JOHNSON CITY, Texas, into a POOR FAMILY.

Andrew Johnson was an OFFICER (Brigadier General) in the Civil WAR and a SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT who served in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES in 1847 and was a FORMER SENATOR in his MID-FIFTIES and was OLDER than the President.
Lyndon Johnson was an OFFICER (Naval Commander) in World WAR II and a SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT who served in the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES in 1947 and was a FORMER SENATOR in his MID-FIFTIES and was OLDER than the President.

In 1861, Lincoln's Vice President was HANNIBAL HAMLIN (whose monogram was "H. H.") followed by Andrew Johnson. Hannibal Hamlin returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.
In 1961, Kennedy's Vice President was Lyndon Johnson who chose HUBERT HUMPHREY (whose monogram was "H. H.") for his Vice President. Hubert Humphrey returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.

Lincoln established the '61 Civil War headquarters of his General-in-Chief George McClellan to be a house called HICKORY HILL in MCLEAN, VIRGINIA.
Kennedy bought the house called HICKORY HILL in MCLEAN, VIRGINIA, which was the '61 Civil War headquarters of Lincoln's General-in-Chief George McClellan.

On the day of the assassination, Lincoln was wearing clothes from BROOK BROTHERS.
On the day of the assassination, the Kennedy was wearing clothes from BROOK BROTHERS.

John Wilkes Booth was BORN IN '38. He stood 5 FEET, 8 INCHES tall. He was an excellent SWORDSMAN and is one of the most NOTORIOUS ASSASSINS in recorded history.
Lee Harvey Oswald was BORN IN '39. He stood 5 FEET, 8 INCHES tall. He was an excellent SHARPSHOOTER and is one of the most NOTORIOUS ASSASSINS in recorded history.

Booth had brother named Junius who was known to the family as JUNE.
Oswald had a daughter named JUNE.

Booth's MOTHER thought John Wilkes was a SPY for the Confederacy.
Oswald's MOTHER thought Lee Harvey was a SPY for the U.S. military.
Both assassins seemed to have been involved in MILITARY INTELLIGENCE work.

Booth's FATHER was named after a FAMOUS TRAITOR (Brutus of Julius Caesar's fame).
Oswald's FATHER was named after a FAMOUS TRAITOR (Confederate General Robert E. Lee).

In October of '64, Booth was OUT OF THE COUNTRY in Montreal, Canada, visiting with CONFEDERATE SPY OPERATIVES.
In October of '63, Oswald was OUT OF THE COUNTRY in Mexico City, Mexico, visiting with COMMUNIST EMBASSY OFFICIALS (Russian and Cuban).

Booth was often USED THE ALIAS - "J. Wilkes".
Oswald often USED THE ALIAS - "Alek J. Hidell".

Booth stayed in NEW ORLEANS visiting an UNCLE shortly BEFORE the assassination.
Oswald stayed in NEW ORLEANS visiting an UNCLE shortly BEFORE the assassination.

Booth committed his crime AT HIS PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT - Ford's Theater.
Oswald committed his crime while AT HIS PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT - the Texas School-Book Depository.

In 1964, a book entitled MR. LINCOLN AND THE NEGROES, by W. O. Douglas, was published.
In 1964, a book entitled MR. KENNEDY AND THE NEGROES, by Harry Golden, was published.

Hundreds more Abe/JFK "coincidences" here:
www.near-death.com/experiences/reincarnation08.html

Kevin - USA (20053)

Answer

Thanks for the fascinating list of coincidences. I'm sure our readers will enjoy them.

Also, the reference website is interesting.

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Japanese Attack SB

How was the identity of the commander determined?

June 28, 2010

Question

How was the identity of the Japanese sub commander determined?

Brad - USA (19978)

Answer

The diary of a Japanese submarine's commander, Kozo Nishino, was recovered after the war, giving his version and motivations for the attack.

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Japanese Attack SB

More information on submarine attack

June 26, 2010

Question

Regarding the shelling of a cactus garden near Ellwood, CA, a diary of a Japanese Submarine I-17's commander, Kozo Nishino, was recovered after the war. The captain had been a tanker captain before the war. He had docked at the oil facility there several times. While being filled, the capt. wandered around the area. He found a fenced cactus garden and wanted to see the plants closer (possible as other have reported, he wanted to collect a specimen). Since there was no open access,he climbed the fence and ended up falling into sole of the cacti where he was stuck with many spines.

The pre-war story ends there, the next item for the capt. was as a submarine commander off the California shore. He had gotten close enough to the cactus garden to fire several artillery rounds at it.

Many thought the rounds were intended for the oil facility, but as the diary recorded, they were revenge for the cactus injuries. There were shore batteries near the oil facility, well out of reach of the cactus attacking submarine.

Ernest - USA (19968)

Answer

Thanks for the good information, giving more details on the submarine attack near Ellwood.

It is an interesting story.

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Start the Fire Facts

Mention of DiMaggio and Monroe in the song

June 17, 2010

Question

Several have commented or inquired about the references to DiMaggio and Monroe, quite independently of each other. I rather think their mention, and their specific placement in the song at the end of each of the first two couplets, mostly has to do with the facts they were married to each other (albeit briefly, but Joe never stopped loving her; he arranged her funeral and decorated her crypt for years), and that their names not only rhyme but have exactly the same meter (rhythm) when spoken ... or in this case, sung. That's an important item to a songwriter. There are so many other historical facts Joel could have chosen for his song; he collected those -- some significant, some trivial -- that fit the rhythm of his composition.

Robert - USA (19923)

Answer

Thanks for your insight on the song lyrics.

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Start the Fire Facts

Harry Truman's middle name

June 16, 2010

Question

Your Truman comment says his middle initial is used without a period. Here are two sources that say otherwise: First, the Harry S. Truman Library website, www.trumanlibrary.org/speriod.htm, which illustrates a Truman autograph *with* period and gives an explanation on why it is used. Second, the Associated Press Stylebook which is the style bible for most American news organizations states Truman's name should be written "with a period after the initial." According to the Truman Library website, the letter S stands for nothing specific but is a nod to his grandfathers Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young.

Robert - USA (19922)

Answer

Thanks for the feedback. The "S" without the period has always been one of my favorite trivial items, but I guess their is enough evidence that even Truman didn't go without the period.

I updated the page and deleted the comment about the "S" having no period in his name.

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Lincoln and Kennedy

Kennedy death not exactly the same as Lincoln's

May 20, 2010

Question

ok so...john died on a friday by getting shot in the head right, and lincoln died by getting shot in the head too which happend on a friday but he didnt actually die that evening he died the next morning therefore he died on a saturday not a friday!

Plus John J Kennedy was shot in the front of his head/top neck, that's why in the video you see his wife chase after his skull matter

- USA (19759)

Answer

There are similarities between the lives and deaths of Lincoln and Kennedy. But that doesn't mean things were exactly the same. For instance, Lincoln had no formal religion, while Kennedy was a Catholic. That is one difference between them.

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General

Who was Malcolm X?

May 20, 2010

Question

Who is malcon x

Jamilu - Nigeria (19765)

Answer

Malcolm X came into the news when he preached separation of the races in the United States in the 1960s. He worked for the Nation of Islam - also called the Black Muslims. However, he also started to separate from the Nation of Islam and its radical views. He moved toward orthodox Islam and started to champion economic and social equality for blacks. Then in February 1965, he was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam.

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Start the Fire Facts

What country did people come from?

May 4, 2010

Question

hi this is the student of 9th grade high school and i am doing project on "we didn't start the fire" and my teacher asked me where are the people in the song from and i was unable to identify them through the description. so i thought you could help me...
thank you
9th grade world history
we didn't start the fire

sagar - USA (19667)

Answer

Host of the people are from US recent history. Those who are not from the US, such as 1953: Joseph Stalin, have their country listed (Soviet Union). So, you really only need to skim through the names to find the ones with a country listed. The others are all Americans.

I hope that helps.

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When Cops were Pigs

Cops are still called pigs today!

April 22, 2010

Question

Cops ARE still called pigs today!!

- USA (19588)

Answer

It is possible that some people still call them pigs, however I haven't heard that expression in a long time.

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Lincoln and Kennedy

Booth was part of a conspiracy

April 9, 2010

Question

You state that there were theories that Booth was part of a larger conspiracy.
This is untrue, as Booth WAS part of a conspiracy. Six people were hanged publicly for their involvement in a plot that would have killed the Vice President, Secretary of War Ed Stanton and others. Of the six people hanged, one was a female (Mary Surratt). She was the first female ever executed by the United States Government. Her last words were, "Please don't let me fall." Photos of the execution are available online.

David - USA (19525)

Answer

You are correct that Booth was involved in a major conspiracy to kill Lincoln. In fact, he organized the plot, including killing others.

However, there are some theories that this was just part of a larger conspiracy, actually involving Stanton.

The conspiracy involving Booth and the six others seems to be a fact. The other conspiracy involving Stanton and Confederate leaders has never been proven.

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General

Did the Trojan War actually happened?

March 28, 2010

Question

Hello,
Do you think that the Trojan War is true?

- Hong Kong (19451)

Answer

It is difficult to tell whether the Trojan War actually happened. In fact, it wasn't until archaeologists found the remains of Troy that historians accepted the fact that the city actually existed.

The war is an important event in Greek mythology. The story was told by the poet Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey. However, it was written over a hundred years after the apparent war.

Since Troy did exist and the fact that Greek cities often fought each others in wars, indicates that there probably was at least one Trojan War.

Many feel that the story about the Trojan Horse was an exaggeration.

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Failures of Lincoln

Any other assassination attempts?

January 30, 2010

Question

When Lincoln was shot was there any other assassination attempts on our government heirarchy? If so who.

Eric - USA (19136)

Answer

John Wilkes Booth had also plotted with fellow conspirators to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward and Vice President Andrew Johnson.

Besides Abraham Lincoln, other presidents who were assassinated were James A. Garfield, William McKinley and John F. Kennedy.

Teddy Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan were both shot but survived.

There were many other threats and attempts on U.S. Presidents. There have also been attempts on members of Congress.

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