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Five Pillars of Islam

by Ron Kurtus (updated 22 December 2022)

Muslims believe in the Five Pillars of Islam, which are the foundation of their faith and way of life. These beliefs consist of: faith, prayer, concern for the needy, self-purification and the pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca) for those who are able.

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Five pillars

The five pillars or principles upon which Muslims base their faith are:


Muslims believe there is only one God, whom they call Allah. They also believe that Muhammad was a prophet and Allah's messenger.


They believe in daily prayers, called Sala. These prayers are performed five times a day and are a direct link between the worshipper and God.

Concern for the needy

One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust. The Prophet said, "Charity is a necessity for every Muslim." This concern for the needy is called the Zakat.


Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink and sexual relations. This is a ritual of self-purification through fasting.


The annual pilgrimage to Makkah is called the Hajj. Muslims believe that this is an obligation, but only for those who are physically and financially able to perform it.

Belief system

These concepts combine to form a belief system that is the basis for the Muslim religion.


Compare these tenants with your own religion to see the similarities and differences.


The Five Pillars of Islam consist of: faith, prayer, concern for the needy, self-purification and the pilgrimage to Makkah. This belief system is a foundation of that religion.

Be faithful

Resources and references

Ron Kurtus' Credentials


Islam City

Introduction of the Articles of Faith and Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

Religion Resources


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