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Science Feedback

by Ron Kurtus

Readers have sent in a total of 4983 comments and questions on Science issues. They are listed according to date.

You can read them to further your understanding of the subject.



List of most recent 15 letters

Title

Topic

Country

Convert heat to work Thermodynamics India
 
Food box insulation Thermal Insulation USA
 
Thanks for the page Motion Laws USA
 
Why is the atmosphere mostly heated by the earth? Heat Transfer on Earth Tanzania
 
How do I buy these lessons online? Force and Torque New Guinea
 
How does Physical Science apply to life? General South Africa
 
Why is ozone layer depleting? General Pakistan
 
How we can get rid of pollution? General Pakistan
 
Units of pressure and force Pressure India
 
Water pressure when stones added to a pool Pressure UK
 
Gas pressure on .5 square inch area Pressure Pakistan
 
Applying a torque Force and Torque Myanmar
 
Why does light change its speed? Refraction of Light Pakistan
 
Define refraction Refraction of Light Pakistan
 
How can we cool the Earth? Heat Transfer on Earth USA
 

Next 15 letters

 





Thermodynamics

Convert heat to work

October 31, 2018

Question

Sir please comment my answer "conversion of heat energy into work".from the lesson thermodynamics.

Anjali - India (28775)

Answer

A common way to convert heat energy into work is in an engine. The gas inside the cylinder is heated and expands, thus moving the piston and creating work.

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Thermal Insulation

Food box insulation

October 16, 2018

Question

My question is about insulation for the firebox on a food cart I'm building. I want to prevent the outsides of the fire box from getting to hot. I want to enclose the insulation , not sure if that is the best way. I am working with food so I cant have particulates floating. I was going to use a ceramics insulater. Also should I paint the inside of the firebox first ? Flat paint or ? Thank you for your consideration.

Bill - USA (28752)

Answer

I'd like to help you, but for the life of me, I haven't been able to find good information on that. Perhaps checking with other fireboxes might give you some insight.

Best wishes on building your firebox.

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Motion Laws

Thanks for the page

September 19, 2018

Question

Hi,

My daughter Alice and I wanted to write to thank you for your page https://school-for-champions.com/science/motion_laws.htm . She's learning about force and motion in Science class, and it really has been very useful with her homework.

I have been trying to take a step back and allow her to take the reins in the hunt for useful research for her projects. For this project, your page was extremely helpful, though she also really likes this one: http://www.home-elevator.net/elevator-physics.php . I was so impressed when she suggested that her find would be good to add to the resources you already have, and I promised that I would write you to pass that idea along.

If you do decide to add it, please let me know :) Alice would be so excited!

Thanks again, and best wishes,
Nina (and Alice)

Nina and Alice - USA (28711)

Answer

I'm glad the lesson was useful to your daughter Alice. I added her suggested resource on the References and Resources of Newton's Laws of Motion.

Best wishes to Alice for success in her studies. I am sure she will do great.

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Heat Transfer on Earth

Why is the atmosphere mostly heated by the earth?

March 30, 2018

Question

Why atmosphere is mostly hearted by the earth rather the sun

Halifa - Tanzania (28492)

Answer

Since the atmosphere is basically transparent, it is not heated much by the sunlight. However, the dark soil absorbs the radiation and become heated. Then air in contact with the ground gets heated through conduction. Then the other air is heated by convection.

Sunlight heating the ocean is not as effective as heating the ground, but it still is better than the air.

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Force and Torque

How do I buy these lessons online?

March 23, 2018

Question

How do I buy these lessons online? I don't have a bank card, please advise

James - New Guinea (28484)

Answer

You can use all of the lessons at no charge to you. I hope they help you in your studies.

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General

How does Physical Science apply to life?

January 29, 2018

Question

How to really understand physical sciences and adapt to it in everyday life

Thapelo - South Africa (28408)

Answer

Physical Science includes Chemistry, where you can see how materials combine. It also includes Physics, where you can see how energy affect things and causes motion.

When you understand what causes things, you can then get an idea of how it applies to everyday life. See Physical Science Overview for more information.

Best wishes in your studies.

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General

Why is ozone layer depleting?

September 19, 2017

Question

Why ozone layer is depleting and what can we do to recover it?

Aamish - Pakistan (28240)

Answer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation. Unfortunately, some chemical compounds, such as chlorofluorocarbon and Freon, used in air conditioners and refrigerators break down the ozone.

The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

Slowly over the years, the ozone layer has been recovering.

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General

How we can get rid of pollution?

September 19, 2017

Question

Q.1 How you are contributing in pollution causing agent.
Q.2 How we can get rid of pollution.
Q.3 Why there is much pollution in Pakistan.

Thanks

Aamish - Pakistan (28244)

Answer

Causes of pollution include older automobiles that don't have pollution controls, factories that emit smoke and pollution, and people who burn items with no controls.

Government controls are usually required to reduce polluting automobiles and factories. Education of the public is also necessary to eliminate pollution-causing fires, such as burning trash and even tires.

Many countries--including Pakistan--are struggling with ways to reduce their pollution.

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Pressure

Units of pressure and force

July 13, 2017

Question

Why pressure and force unit is same?

Pratik - India (28131)

Answer

Pressure is force per unit area: P = F/A.

Units are Pascal = Newtons per square meter

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Pressure

Water pressure when stones added to a pool

February 9, 2017

Question

Ron, Thanks for your article. what happens to water pressure if some of the water is removed and replaced by stones. In a pool. I think the water pressure at bottom of pool is reduced.

Kieran - UK (27870)

Answer

Water pressure is caused by the weight of the water above the point of measurement. If the pressure is measured in grams per square cm, it would be the weight of the column of water 1 square cm times the height.

This would be true for water pressure at the top of the stones. Since the distance to the surface is reduced, the water pressure would be less at that point than at the bottom with no stones.

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Pressure

Gas pressure on .5 square inch area

January 13, 2017

Question

what will the gas pressure on .5 square inch area if the pressure is 10 psi in a container of gas.

asif - Pakistan (27801)

Answer

"psi" stands for "pound per square inch". If the area is 0.5 square inch, the pressure would be 5 pounds.

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Force and Torque

Applying a torque

November 7, 2016

Question

Hi,i'm a student sir.
I want to know, what can we do if we know the torque?

Zarni - Myanmar (27475)

Answer

Torque is the rotational force on a shaft. This can be used to turn a wheel or other object or simple machine. If you know the torque being applied, you can calculate how well the force is applied.

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Refraction of Light

Why does light change its speed?

November 6, 2016

Question

Why When light passes from one transparent medium to another it changes its speed and direction?

sadia - Pakistan (27462)

Answer

The speed of light is different in different materials. Often it is related to the density of the material. For example, water is more dense than air and thus is slower in water. This is called the index of refraction and is related to bending at an angle.

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Refraction of Light

Define refraction

November 6, 2016

Question

Can I define refraction

sadia - Pakistan (27463)

Answer

Refraction of light is when it bends when going from one transparent material to another at an angle. When light goes from air to glass at an angle, it bends or refracts.

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Heat Transfer on Earth

How can we cool the Earth?

October 27, 2016

Question

So how can we humans get rid of heat on our planet and cool the earth?

David - USA (27420)

Answer

There really isn't a way for us to cool the Earth, but humans can prevent or slow down global warming, which is caused by the "greenhouse effect" of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

See Infrared, Gases and the Greenhouse Effect and Heating a Greenhouse for some explanations.

Eliminating burning of carbon-based products would help a lot. However, it is almost impossible to get people to stop using their gasoline-powered automobiles and other such items.

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